Designing with point clouds and whole timber

by Maxence Grangeot

CONTEXT

in the heart of the Swiss Alps...
...stand a historic castle and its barn, in the small town of Rennaz

PHOTOGRAPHS

integration in context

building overview

spaces - ground level

spaces - upper level

details

site specificity


Point Cloud Scanning



Remodeling the barn from the point cloud


barn point cloud processed through Faro Scene, Cloud Compare, Grasshopper and Volvox
remodel in Rhinoceros

remodel precision


current state - Section


Architectural HERITAGE?

In a strong historical context, the exterior appearance is preserved. The facades and the roof now act as a protecting structure of the new program.

What is patrimony?

What is heritage?

What is history?



point cloud as design input

The various functions of the program are implement in direct relation to the existing. The point cloud is thought at the based blueprint for the reconversion. By doing so, all the details gathered are preserved. The design is informed by technological tools, with a quantity and precision of information previously unachievable.

round wood module for structural accupuncture

ROUND WOOD SCANNING

ABB robotic arm and holding rig for 3D scanning and milling + point cloud scan of the robot in the working area at IBOIS, EPFL


tree forks batch scanning
large diameter round wood batch scanning
medium diameter round wood batch scanning
small diameter round wood batch scanning
courtesy of Petras Vestartas
courtesy of Petras Vestartas
courtesy of Petras Vestartas
courtesy of Petras Vestartas

inefficient timber industry

Because of technical requirements to extract large timber beams, only particular logs suits those criteria. Moreover, around 50 to 60 % of timber is wasted in that process.

Using whole timber as structural elements also benefits additional strength through the continuity of fibers, currently discontinued in traditional sawing methods

MODEL EXPERIMENTS

STRUCTURE WITHIN EXISTING

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DRAWINGS

exhibition perspective

STRUCTURE WITHIN EXISTING

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ROUND WOOD COMPOSITE SLAB ?

GENERATING A FORK DATABASE

FORKS LANGUAGE

STRUCTURE WITHIN EXISTING

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ROUND WOOD + DFAB REFERENCES

THE NEW NON STANDARD - JONATHAN ENNS - 2010

New Structural Systems in Small-Diameter Round Timber - Aurimas Bukauskas - 2015

BIOMASS BOILER HOUSE - SAHU & WANG - 2015

TREE FORK "TRUSS" - ZACHARY MOLLICA - 2016

Prototype Cabin - Wyatt Armstrong - 2019

David Marshall - unmaking architecture - 2019

WOODEN RETICULATED SHELL USING NATURAL TREE CROTCHES - 2018 - Buelow et al.

BRANCHES FORMATION - CONCEPTUAL JOINING - 2019

EXPERIMENTS ALONG THE GRAIN - CORNELL UNIVERSITY - 2020

Whole timber construction: A state of the art review - Aurimas Bukauskas - 2019

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT

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EXPLORING PHOTOGRAMMETRY FOR LOW COST SCANNING

STRUCTURE WITHIN EXISTING

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SPECULATIVE STRUCTURAL DESIGNS USING INHERENT PROPERTIES OF FORKS

EXPLORING CONNECTIONS

BRANCHES FORMATION - CONCEPTUAL JOINING - 2019 + PLASTIC JOINERY

PROTOTYPE

HISTORIC USE OF "BOIS TORS"

FOR SHIP BUILDING AND TIMBER FRAMES

LOTS OF ENERGY AND WASTE IN THE PROCESS

LISTENING TO INHERENT PROPERTIES OF WOOD

USING HIGHLY ACCESSIBLE TOOLS

TO ENGAGE A DEBATE BETWEEN STANDARDISATION AND SPECIFIC DESIGN

FORK VIERENDEEL SYSTEM

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REFERENCES

Design + Make Studio, Architectural Assocation

Conceptual Joining, University of Applied Arts Vienna

Zachary Mollica "Tree Fork Truss: An Architecture of Inherent Forms" [PDF]

Aurimas Bukauskas "New Structural Systems in Small-Diameter Round Timber" [PDF]

Aurimas Bukauskas, Whole Timber Structures Database

Developing a fabrication workflow for irregular sawlogs, Kruse Aagaard, A., & Larsen



unless otherwise indicated, all images and drawings are copyright © Maxence Grangeot
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